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Course Outcome


Department of Commerce

The Program Outcome


This program aim to provide students with specific knowledge and skills relevant to their discipline and careers. After completing three years for Bachelors in Commerce (B.Com) program, students would gain a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of Commerce and Finance which offers a number of specializations and practical exposures for the students to face the modern-day challenges in different professional bodies.


This program could provide well trained professionals for the Industries, Banking Sectors, Insurance Companies, Financing companies, Transport Agencies, Warehousing etc., to meet the well trained manpower requirements. The broader perspective of this programme offers a number of value based and job oriented courses which ensure that the students are trained into up-to-date. In advanced accounting courses beyond the introductory level, provide students with the analytical, evaluative and problem-solving skills commensurate with degree level higher education. At the end of the B.com degree course, by virtue of the training, they can become an manager, accountant, management accountant, cost accountant, bank manager, auditor, company secretary, teacher, professor, stock agents, government jobs etc.,


The Program Specific Outcome (PSO)

  • Develop a critical awareness and understanding of the main functional areas of business administration and the management process within a variety of institutional and organisational contexts.
  • Utilise their knowledge, understanding and skills to work successfully in a professional or business house.
  • To demonstrate and understanding of the principles of accounting, finance, economic and business law.
  • To develop numerical abilities of students.
  • To inculcate writing skills and business correspondence.
  • To acquire practical skills related with banking and other business.
  • To develop knowledge about economic environment of country as well as world.
  • To demonstrate progressive learning of various tax issues and tax forms related to individuals so that learners can also acquire practical skills to work as tax consultant, audit assistant and other financial supporting services.
  • To demonstrate knowledge in setting up a computerized set of accounting books.

Course outcome:

 Core knowledge outcomes upon completion of the course as follows:

  Financial Accounting:

  1. To enable students to learn principles and concepts of Accountancy as well as to acquire the knowledge for its practical applications.
  2. To enables the students to learn the basic concepts of Partnership Accounting, and allied aspects of accounting.
  3. The Advanced Financial Accounting helps the students to obtain the knowledge of advantages, disadvantages and the procedure of accounting for mergers and acquisitions, amalgamations and holding companies, etc.
  4. To develop the students to be aware on the Corporate Accounting in conformity with the provisions of the Companies Act.
  5. To appraise the students about Need and importance of Accounting Standards, and to impart the students, knowledge about preparation of Company Final Accounts and accounting treatment of corporate undertakings.
  6. To get acquainted with the procedure of preparation of income statements, retained earnings, balance sheet and statement of cash flows which are required for external users and more useful to managers for managerial decision making.


 Cost and Management Accounting:

This course aims to develop an understanding of the conceptual framework of Cost & Management Accounting which helps the students to acquires the knowledge in the

Management Accounting Techniques in business decision making.

  1. Costing: The main objective of this course is to familiarize students with the basic concepts of cost and various methods and techniques of cost accounting. The students understand clearly to reduce and control the cost during the course of production because cost is a vital aspect in the modern business. It also helps to provide knowledge about the ascertainment the profitability of each of the products and advise the management to maximize its profits.
  2. Management Accounting: This course provides students with an understanding of management accounting concepts related to the management functions of planning, control, and decision making. It helps the students to compare the financial statements and financial analysis.  In addition, the course focuses on the provision of accounting information for managerial control and decision making, related to planning and budgeting, variance analysis and performance evaluation.


Financial Management:

  1. To enable the students with the knowledge about the Capital budgeting, Working capital management, cash management, and better financial management techniques.
  2. To develop the concept of Business Finance and the Application of Finance to Business.
  3. To provide a comprehensive coverage of financial management from a corporate perspective, together with a comprehensive coverage of elementary financial mathematics.
  4. Discuss the core objectives of corporate financial management, and the application of a range of analytical techniques and technologies, including investment, financing and dividend decisions.



  1. To develop the fundamental concepts of Auditing.
  2. To inculcate the knowledge of the principles and practices of internal and external auditing.
  3. To help the students to understand the auditing as a component of recurrent and strategic activities, risk assessment, internal control, systems evaluation, and other contemporary audit issues and challenges.
  4. To obtain working knowledge of generally accepted auditing procedure, techniques and skills.


Principles of Management:

  1. To make the students to understand different principles of management and various skills to practice in management.
  2. To examine fundamental management theories and traditional managerial responsibilities in formal and informal organisational structure.
  3. To describe different managerial functions like planning, organising, directing, co-ordinating, controlling and staffing.
  4. To focus on the basic roles, skills and functions of management, with special attention to managerial responsibility for the effective and efficient achievement of goals.
  5. To present a thorough and systematic coverage of management theory and practice.


Marketing Management:

  1. To introduce students to marketing concepts, the environmental and organisational factors that shape marketing decisions.
  2. To examine the role of marketing decisions in a variety of settings including manufacturing and service firms, consumer and business markets, profit and non profit organisations, domestic and global companies and small and large businesses.
  3. To develop a solid understanding of the relationship between business strategy and the decision areas under marketing responsibility.
  4. To apply tools and conceptual models for understanding consumer behaviour, competition and relevant environmental issues.
  5. To acquire skills for marketing manager, selling Manager, over all administration abilities of the company.


Human Resource Management:

  1. To help the students to understand various aspects of Human Resource development, managing human resources and develop skills in HR policies.
  2. To provide the students the concept of the functioning of Human Resource /Personnel Department, Manpower planning, performance appraisal, Selection and Recruitment process, Labour Welfare, Industrial Relations etc.


 Business Communication:

 To develop language abilities of students.

  1. To inculcate writing skills and Business correspondence.

3.To develop the ability of the students to communicate clearly and correctly in English on the matters relevant to day to day business operation with emphases on quality of presentation.

  1. To help the students for general understanding of the various aspects of business communication and business environment of the country.


Indian Financial System & Financial Market Operations:


  1. To help the students to learn about various financial institutions like Stock Exchange , Mutual Funds etc.


  1. To develop the understanding of the nature, functions and issues related to money, banking and non banking financial intermediaries and financial system.
  2. To develop the knowledge about changing role and functions of RBI, NBFIs, Development Banks, Commercial Banks, Money Market and Capital Market.
  3. To describe the functions different regulatory authorities and other institutions for investors’ protection.


 Direct and Indirect tax:

 To acquire conceptual and legal knowledge about Income tax provisions relating to the computation of income from different heads with reference to an individual assessee.


  1. To familiarize the students with recent amendments in Income-tax so that the students become well versed in the prevailing act.
  2. To make the students competent to compute the total income and tax liability

of individual assesses and firms.

  1. To give them the necessary expertise to file return of income tax and to take up job in filing of tax.
  2. To learn and apply principles and provisions of indirect tax


 Information Technology and its application in business:

  1. This course involves a comprehensive study of the use of information systems for management.
  2. It focuses on the development and effective use of management information systems in today’s companies’ decision-making and examination of traditional information systems development from the end-user’s perspectives.
  3. To give emphasis on the understanding and practical application of MS-Office, Ms-PowerPoint, Ms-Access and Tally.

The main aims of this course are to:-

  • enable students to understand the use of applications software.
  • develop individual applications that solve business problems.
  • Investigate the opportunities and problems associated with computer-based management information system to control the business operations.

 Business Economics:

  1.  To teach the students to explore a set of interrelated issues relating to the growth and development of the Indian Economy and application of Economic Theory in the context of India.
  2. To enable the students to learn about the basic economic theory that applies to issues of demand, supply, production, costs, market structure, pricing and regulation.


  1. To make the students familiar with introductory, canonical models of consumer and producer behaviour and of macro economy have a basic understanding of the operation of a modern economy be able to evaluate the effects of government interventions in individual markets and in the macro economy.


  1. To analyze operations of markets under varying competitive conditions.


Business Regulatory Framework:

  1. To create awareness of Law and Legislations related to commerce and business.
  2. To inculcate knowledge on various laws relating to business such as  Contract Act,  Sale of goods Act, Partnership Act, Negotiable Instruments Act and Consumers Protection Act.
  3. To acquire conceptual and legal knowledge about the provisions of Companies Act with reference to the different case laws.


  1. To familiarize the students with recent amendments in the Companies Act so that the students become well versed in the prevailing act.


Business Statistics and Mathematics:


  1. To provide an understanding for the commerce students on statistical concepts to include measurements of location and dispersion, probability, probability distributions, sampling, estimation, hypothesis testing, regression and correlation analysis and business / economic forecasting.


  1. To develop the student’s ability to use mathematics and statistics to solve business problems.


  1. To provide a concept in statistics and commonly used quantitative methods, which will prove useful for the students to understand and appreciate other subjects in commerce programme.


Commerce Project work:

The aim of the Project work is to acquire practical knowledge on the implementation of perceptions studied through the programmed.

To impart knowledge about the primary elements of Project Management so that the students ars able to develop a detailed project plan .

To introduce and develop the skills needed to conceptualise a problem, make use of available literature, design a research strategy, evaluate, organise, and integrate relevant data (both existing and new), derive useful solutions based on knowledge, and communicate those solutions to clients and colleagues.

To understand the basic process of research methodology as practiced in the social sciences and business.





Program Outcome

  • To impart English-medium based undergraduate level education that is Bachelor Degree in Science and Arts courses in accordance with affiliating University’s Curriculum and the UGC Guidelines.
  • Understanding and Correlating between Theoretical and Experimental aspects of the subjects (highly essential for Laboratory based subjects).
  • Developing concepts in Pure Subjects along with Applied and Interdisciplinary Subject Areas for Real Life Applications.
  • Identify various Academic and Professional areas.
  • Catering to the needs of Present Day Problems & allied Thrust Areas and Service to Human Race.
  1. Program Special Outcome (PSO)
  • The study of Geomorphology helps to gain an insight into the processes of landform development and geomorphic hazards. A possible outcome is their eligibility for Environmental and Hazard Management Projects.
  • The branches of Economic Geography and Human Geography make them capable of identifying the development prerogatives of regions and applying them in formulation of regional development plans.
  • The study of Urban Geography prepares them in the field of Urban Planning. Geographers can thus have their say in Urban Development Boards.
  • Demographic Analysis becomes an integral part of Geography through the branch of Population Geography. The implications of population structures, growth and migration are studied. They are thus made eligible for their contribution in Population Policies and Census Data Collection and Analysis.
  • The specialization in Remote Sensing and use of Geographical Information System softwares train them for recruitment in Government Space Application Projects that use GIS and satellite image interpretations for resource mapping and planning.
  • Biogeography (Soil Geography and Zoogeography) introduces the students to the characteristics of soil regions, floral and faunal regions. This holistic knowledge makes them capable of assessing and developing forestry projects, wildlife conservation plans and probable land use policies of rural areas.
  1. Course Outcomes
  • Students will develop a solid understanding of the concepts of “space,” “place” and “region” and their importance in explaining world affairs.
  • Students will understand general demographic principles and their patterns as well as patterns of cultural, political and economic phenomena at regional and global scales.
  • Students will be able to synthesize geographic knowledge and apply innovative research strategies to solve problems in resource conservation, environmental change, and sustainable development within the community, region, and world.
  • Students will be able to apply cartographical, Remote Sensing, GIS techniques in mapping all the above stated phenomena
  • Students will have employment opportunities inCensusOrganization,Survey of India, Institute of Population Studies,National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization,Regional and Urban Planning and Tourism Department

Program and Courses

After successful completion of the three-year B.Sc/ B.A.. (Honours) degree program in Geography, students should be able to achieve the following objectives/ outcomes:

 Program Specific Outcomes (PSO): 

  • Develop a strong foundation of Geotectonics, Geomorphology, Biogeography, Soil Geography and instrumentation techniques and their applications to examine and appreciate the inherent complexity of landscape systems at micro level.
  • Conceptualise the basic atmospheric and climatic phenomena of the earth and their effect on man. Develop advanced level concepts of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System and their applications in present day situation.
  • Understand the principles and applications of Hydrology and Oceanography to address water resource and environment related problems. Conceptualise the Social, Cultural, Political, Settlement Geography and the ethical considerations associated with their environmental impact. Make a knowledge base of the development of Geography by going through Geographical Thought.
  • Undertake an analytical approach to design and complete field work in the above areas following land use and questionnaire survey. Be competent to acquire, analyse and interpret the statistical data to arrive at unbiased conclusions about problems and devise alternatives to existing procedures.

Course Outcomes (CO):

CO1: Develop ideas on Physical and Human Geography.

CO2: Understand and solve problems of scale, geological map and area measurement.

CO3: Analyse the geographical problems through statistical tools.

CO4: Comprehend the geographical knowledge of India and the world.

CO5: Appreciate the geographical resources and its impact on environment.

CO6: Explore the basic tools and techniques of computer application in Geography.

CO7: Have a thorough understanding of the applied aspects of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System.

CO8: Be competent in applying Geography towards generating solutions to complex problems in Water resources, Agriculture, Mining, Forestry, Fishing, Regional Planning, Environment and conservation of biodiversity.

CO9: Be fully sensitive about changes in landform through instrumentation (prismatic compass and dumpy level survey).

CO10: Conversed with basic characteristics of rocks and minerals and capable of megascopic identification.






PO-01            Assess the existing knowledge concepts technology appropriate to graduate chosen discipline

PO – 02         Conceive and plan a high quality research and creative capstone project in the appropriate disciplinary or multidisciplinary context

PO– 03          Apply discipline based and/or cross discipline based knowledge to design a problem solving strategy

PO– 04          Identify major issues debates, or approaches appropriate to the discipline

PO– 05          Synthesize complex information appropriate to discipline

PO– 06          Select and organize credible evidence to support converging arguments

PO– 07          Develop an in accordance with methods of the discipline

PO – 08         Solve discipline based and cross discipline based problems

PO– 09          Employ writing conventions appropriate to the discipline

PO– 10          Exhibits discipline work habbits as an individual





PSO – 1         Students will analyse and evaluate positions on economic issues, showing that they can break an economic issue down into the various economic principles and concepts that form the basis of the position and identifying the competeting sides on the issue.


PSO -2           Student will critique an economic positions in terms of accuracy of its representations of economic principles and concepts and the soundness of its use of those concepts and principles to make a claim about economics.


PSO – 3         Student will solve real world economic problems effective in the context of an industry and field of study showing that they can identify and collect the appropriate economic data and solutions to problems, clearly and accurately.


PSO – 4         Students will explain economics to lay audiences, showing that they can translate economic concepts and principles into terms that can be understood by general audience.




Course – I                            MICRO ECONOMICS

CO – I             Basic concepts Demand supply market Price value Personal Income National Income Elasticity of demand and Supply Factor affecting price elasticities Measurement of point elasticity and are elasticity of demand


CO – II           Consumer behabiour

Marginal utility – Law of Diminising Marginal utility – law of equimarginal utility Indiffernce curves Budget consumer equilibrium Price effect Income effect substitution effect Inferior and giffen goods


CO – III          Production

Concept of Production. Factors of Production. Production Fuction. TP. MP. AP. Law of variable proportion. Isoquants Expansion path Laws of Returns.


CO – IV          Cost and Revenue

Revenue  Relation between ARMR elasticity of demand.

Money cost real cost opportunity cost shape of short run cost Long run cost


CO – V           Perfect Competition

Characteristics short run long run equilibrium


CO – VI          Monopoly

Concept, characteristics, Short run Long run long run equilibrium, Monoloy power, price discrimination supply curve of Monopolist. Concept of Duopoly oligopoly.


CO – VII         Theory of distribution

Marginal Productivity theory of distribution


CO – VIII       Ricardian theory of rent Modern theory of rent, Quasi rent


CO – IX          Money wage real wage Marginal productivity theory of wages. Role of trade unionin wage determination


CO – X           Real and Monetary interest loanable fund theory, liquidity preference theory


CO – XI          Gross profit Net Profit

Difference between profit and other factors Risk bearing and uncertainty bearing theory of profit



Course – II                           MACRO ECONOMICS

CO – 01         NATIONAL INCOME – Distinction between GDP, GNP, GNI, Difference methods of measuring National income

CO – 02         Consumption – Simple keynsian model consumption function Apc MPC Multiplier theory

CO – 03         Concept of Investment MEC Acceleration principles

CO – 04         Says law of market classical and keynsian theory of output and employment determination

CO – 05         Money – Functions of money value of Money M1M2M3M4 measure of money

CO – 06         Quantity theory of money Fischer and Cambridge version

CO – 07         Inflation concepts Demand Pull Cost pull Effect – antinflationary policy Deflation stagflation

CO – 08         Concepts of Bank Non Bank Financial Intermediaries, Credit Creation Functions of commercial Bank credit control Function of Central bank

CO – 09         Direct Indirect tax, Progressive Proportional regressive taxation Incidence and impact of taxation Internal and external Burden of Public debt.

CO – 10         Basis of International trade, Absolute and comparative advantage theory Gain of Trade Free trade and Protection


Course – III                          INDIAN ECONOMICS


CO – 1           Nature and causes of under development

CO – 2           Estimation of National Income economic inequality poverty line Poverty eradication Programme

CO – 3           Population overpopulation population policy

CO – 4           Causes and Remedies of low productivity of agriculture, land reform green revolution Effects of GATT on agriculture agricultural labourers

CO – 5           Cottage and Small Scale industries Problems Industrial policy Industrial finance Large scale industry

CO – 6           Nationalisation of commercial Banks Credit control policy of Reserve Bank

CO – 7           Central State Financial relation

CO – 8           Foreign capital foreign Aid and composition of foreign trade in post Liberalization period

CO – 9           Success and failure of 5 year plans



Course – IV                               ECONOMICS

CO – 1           Economic growth and development

CO – 2           Population and Economic development

CO – 3           Gender related issues in work and opportunities and socio economic outlook

CO – 4           Development Planning and its necessity balanced vs unbalanced growth

CO – 5           Roles of agriculture industry and technology in economics devotement

CO – 6           Domestic capital formation Incentive to Savings and investment

CO – 7           Foreign Investments

CO – 8           IMF, WORLD BANK, W.T.O

CO – 9           Statistics variable attribute, Primary Secondary data, Census and Sample survey

CO – 10         Charts and diagrams line diagram Bar diagram Pie diagram, Pictogram

CO – 11         Frequency Distribution Construction

Different types Diagrammatic representation of Histogram Frequency polygon and ogive

CO – 12         Measures of Central tendency Mean Median Mode

CO – 13         Measures of Dispersion Range Mean Deviation Quartile deviation Relative Measures





                                     Programme Specific Outcomes


      Education is the subject to study if you are interested in becoming a teacher, but it is also so much more than that. It is an interdisciplinary subject. This course is aimed at students who have a broad interest in the field of education. The subject of Education Studies is concerned with the complex and contested nature of education in its widest sense. The emergence of national schooling and other tertiary systems has meant that education is an issue of economic, political, individual and social concern both locally and globally. Education Studies offers an excellent study option for those looking for careers in the broad educational field, including those who are keen to go on to teach in schools. The degree opens up a variety of routes via post graduate study into teaching but also equips graduates for careers in educational publishing, educational research, further academic study, work with welfare based organisations, learning support opportunities, charities and other voluntary based groups. Students are also well prepared to continue their academic career via Masters and Doctoral programmes if they choose.

The overall aims of the Programme are:


  1. Explore the underpinning fundamentals of education including historical and social developments

both past and present, and the philosophical, psychological and sociological theories on which modern

education has been established.


  1. Consider a range of educational systems and settings, selected from local, national and international

examples, with scope for pursuing students own particular professional interests.


  1. Develop a critical understanding of educational environments and approaches in relation to social justice, social policy and educational diversity.


  1. Develop and deepen an understanding of the practices of teaching and learning in a range of educational Settings.


  1. Recognise and evaluate the process of human learning and the impact learning and education have not only within schools and other formal educational institutions but also within the wider social context, as learners progress and change from childhood and adolescence to adult life.


  1. Cultivate a critical perspective on contemporary education and consider the possible directions of its future development.


  1. Critically reflect on personal values in relation to education and make connections to the assumptions made within educational contexts.


  1. Complete research enquiries on educational issues and in educational settings, demonstrating critical thinking and skills to effectively design, complete and report on educational research, including the collection and analysis of numerical or narrative data, that reaches balanced conclusions positioned within the existing literature.


  1. Develop a well-informed, enquiring, analytical and critical disposition towards educational policy and practice.


  1. Make links between theory and practice; reflect critically on real-life experiences.


On successful completion of the course students will be able to;


  1. Understand the processes of learning, including some of the key paradigms and their impact on educational practices


  1. Show awareness of relevant aspects of cultural and linguistic differences and societies; politics and education policies; philosophical underpinnings, including issues of social justice, and their effects on learning


  1. Show familiarity with formal and informal contexts for learning. Educational contexts will include some understanding of the student’s own education system and other education systems, and the value systems underpinning the organisation of these


  1. Demonstrate the complex interactions between education and its contexts, and relationships with other disciplines and professions.




CO1      Philosophical and Sociological Foundations of Education

                                                  GrA- Educational Philosophy

  • To study the foundations of Education as an academic discipline; WBSU, UG Curricula in

Education, 2013

  • To develop an understanding of Educational Philosophy;
  • To understand disciplinary relationships between Education and Philosophy;
  • To develop an understanding of the roles of Philosophical bases in Education;
  • To be acquainted with the Western and Indian Schools of Philosophy and their impacts on Education.
  • To be acquainted with the values enshrined and educational provisions in the Indian Constitution;
  • To understand contributions of some great educators and their Philosophies of Education.

                                                     GrB – Educational Sociology  

  • To understand the meaning of Sociology and its different perspectives related to Education;
  • To realise the relationship between Education and Sociology;
  • To develop an understanding of Educational Sociology;
  • To be acquainted with Culture and its relationship with Education;
  • To develop an understanding of social development and role of Education;
  • To be acquainted with some social issues in education.


CO2         Educational Psychology and Pedagogy

                                                      GrA –Educational Psychology

  • To understand the meaning of Psychology, and be acquainted with its different perspectives.
  • To realize the relationship between Psychology and Education.
  • To understand the concept of Educational Psychology.
  • To make an understanding of different aspects of child developments and relate that with Education.
  • To be acquainted with the Psychology of Intelligence and Creativity and relate that with Education.
  • To understand different aspects of Learning Psychology in the context of Education.

                                                          GrB – Pedagogy

  • To realise the Pedagogy as an academic discipline;
  • To understand the concept of Pedagogy and its different perspectives;
  • To develop an understanding of philosophical, sociological and psychological bases of


  • To understand the relationship between Pedagogy and Education;
  • To be acquainted with some contemporary issues of Pedagogy.


CO3      Development of Educational Policies and Contemporary Issues in Indian Education

                                         Gr A- Development of Educational Policies


  • Understand the development of educational policies in ancient and medieval period.
  • Understand the development of educational policies for the period 1813 to 1947.
  • Understand the development of educational policies for the period 1947 to 1970.
  • Understand the development of educational policies for the period 1970 to 2010.


                                          Gr B – Contemporary Issues in Indian Education


  • Understand the significance of traditional issues in education.
  • Understand the significance of social issues in education.
  • Understand the significance of educational issues.
  • Understand the significance of current issues in education.



CO4          Educational Technology and Educational Management


                                         Gr A- Educational Technology


 Understand the concept and approaches of educational technology.

  • Understand the concepts, components and basic models of communication used in Education.
  • Understand and apply the techniques of instructional technology used in Education.
  • Understand the emerging issues of educational technology


Gr BEducational Management


  • Understand the concept, nature and need of educational management.
  • Understand the importance of leadership in management.
  • Know the agencies of educational management in Indian context.
  • Understand the importance of planning and management in Education.


CO5       Comparative Education and Curriculum Studies


                                            Gr A- Comparative Education


  • To study the foundations of Comparative Education.
  • To be acquainted with the system of Comparative Education.
  • To know the structure of Comparative Education.
  • To understand various issues related with Comparative Education.


Gr BCurriculum Studies


  • To understand the concept of Curriculum Studies.
  • To know the aims and objectives of Curriculum.
  • To be acquainted with the development of Curriculum.
  • To understand the evaluation of Curriculum.






  • To know the basic concept of Guidance and Counselling.
  • To understand the concepts of adjustment and maladjustment.
  • To be acquainted with the process of testing and diagnosis in Guidance and Counselling.
  • To be acquainted with the special areas and skills of Guidance and Counselling


                                  Gr BSPECIAL EDUCATION


  • To know the basic concept of Special Education.
  • To know the history and development of Special Education.
  • To have a brief idea about Gifted and Slow Learners.
  • To know about the different types of exceptionality.





  • To know the basic concept of Evaluation and Measurement.
  • To know the basic tools of evaluation.
  • To know the procedure of standardisation of a test.
  • To have a preliminary concept on Research Methodology.


                           Gr B STATISTICS IN EDUCATION  


  • To know the basic concept of Statistics.
  • To understand Descriptive Statistics.
  • To understand Inferential Statistics.
  • To have an idea about Derived Scores and its uses.


CO8          Practicum

 To have Hands-on experience on – (a)Basic ICT Practical (b) Statistics Practical (c) Field Study and (d) Presentation with PPT.



Why study Sociology as an Undergraduate Student?

Sociologists study the ways in which social structures and interactions shape human life. We seek to understand the full range of social institutions and practices, from small groups to large social organizations. Sociology’s most distinguishing feature is the methods employed for research, which are diverse, ranging from the quantitative analysis to qualitative approaches, and historical investigation. Thus, sociologists study social interaction in a broad array of contexts for which they use method is appropriate for the particular question being posed. Sociological ideas and methods are used by policy makers, political analysts, and social critics. Therefore, many of our concepts have become a part of our common lexicon and everyday language. Concepts often used in various contemporary discourses, like “the self-fulfilling prophecy,” “conspicuous consumption,” “risk,” “social mobility,” “modernization,” “cultural-lag,” and “in-groups” and “out-groups” were all originally coined by sociologists. Moreover, sociology have been studying issues and topics like social inequality, ethnic relations, gender discrimination, and sexual diversity long before these became issues of concern among policy makers and in popular culture. Many popular research techniques, such as polling and survey design, were also pioneered by sociologists. The present course will attempt to introduce wide range of subjects, including crime, law, and deviance; sex and gender; marriage and family; organizations, occupations, and work; population dynamics; justice; science, politics, social movement, and social policy; power and inequality in modern societies; welfare, culture, and education; and social theory. By offering the tools and knowledge to help students make sense of the world around them, the goal is to bring out informed citizens, with expertise in the social sciences, and empowered with an outlook of a socially pro-active leader. Notwithstanding whatever be the plan for future, be it a professional career or postgraduate study in sociology or another social science, students will find a wide range of useful and interesting areas of study in this course. Students preparing for careers in civil society, law, social work, health, public administration, research and planning, and other professional areas will benefit from this course.


Course Outcomes

Co.1  Conceptual Foundation in Sociology

  • Students are expected to acquire sociological knowledge by understanding basic concepts in sociology;
  • Students belonging to other disciplines this will be an initiation to develop sociological imagination and to look beyond their immediate surroundings.
  • This course will be useful to students to understand the social processes and study of society.

Co.2   Western Classical Sociological Thought

Students can expect to:

  • Become familiar with the foundational concepts, analytic frameworks, and debates that inform sociological thought and practice;
  • Understand these ideas, concepts, and debates in terms of the socio-historical contexts in which they developed;
  • Learn to identify and assess the assumptions and implications underlying these classical sociological theories; and
  • Expected to learn to apply these classical perspectives to contemporary problems.

Co.3    Contemporary Indian Society

  • Reading this paper will enable students to reflect on the issues and changing trends in Indian society.
  • The students will be able to perceive the adaptive experiences by social groups in villages, towns, cities, and regions. Instead of seeing as structural isolates, students will understand how the basic social units of family, caste, and community are intimately connected with one another and with other social units through social and cultural networks of various kinds that incorporate the social units into the complex structure of Indian society. Within this broadened conception of Indian society, students will be prepared to trace the changing relations of politics, economics, law, and language.
  • The student would get to know about the emergent dynamics of the modernizing/ globalizing forces acting on the Indian social system since independence, like parliamentary democracy, universal suffrage, land reforms, modern education, urbanization, and industrial technology.
  • The units in this paper will exhibit that the study of Indian society reveals novel forms of change that may consequently induce students to engage with novel methods and theories, and may well encourage them to extend the study of Indian society.

Co.4   Sociological Theory

  • It is expected that on completing this course students will become theoretically grounded with a holistic understanding of society, and decipher the connectivity of values to social structure. It is hoped students will be able to analyze many issues seen in Indian social reality with theoretical rigor.
  • Student is expected to be able to constantly connect research methods to a theoretical framework so as to explain explicitly the linkages between theory and practice.
  • This paper is intended to familiarize the students with the social, political, economic and intellectual contexts in which sociology emerged as a distinctive discipline.
  • Its objective is to help students gain an understanding of some of the classical contributions in sociology, and their continuing relevance to its contemporary concerns.

Co.5  Conducting Research in Sociology

  • To introduce to the language and logic of research design in order to provide with a good foundation for future learning;
  • To teach how to write a research report with a critical eye, so that one can know how to know how trustworthy its information is;
  • To expose to a variety of research methods that one may encounter in the future;
  • To convince ourselves, again and again that social scientific research is not a highly esoteric activity, but rather a relatively straightforward, systematic set of procedures that will allow us to answer our questions about the world;
  • To learn firsthand about the successes and problems of research by trying out data collection method on a small scale;
  • To show that research is both an intellectual and emotional activity that can both frustrating and highly rewarding
  • By the end of the paper, one will be able to assess the soundness of social research by evaluating research designs and data-collection strategies in light of research questions and theory.


Co.6       Indian Sociology

  • Apart from acquiring a fairly adequate and comprehensive understanding of Indian society in all its multi-faced dimensions, it is expected that the students will be sensitized about the diversity as well as inter-connectedness of theoretical perspectives on Indian Society that will add strength and power to there understanding of the subject.


Co.7    Indian Society: Issues and Problems

  • Objectives of the course is to sensitize the students to the emerging social issues and problems of contemporary India, enable them to acquire sociological understanding of these issues and problems over and above their commonsense understanding, empower them to deal with these issues and problems and to serve as change agents both in governmental and non-governmental organizations.